Receive events with webhooks

Learn how to register webhooks and receive events from your account.

PayMongo provides webhooks that notify you of events happening during the payment process. Webhooks are particularly useful for asynchronous events such as payments succeeding, payments failing, or e-wallet Sources becoming chargeable by having funds authorized for them.

A good analogy for a webhook is that it is like a mobile number that PayMongo calls to notify you of activity in your PayMongo account. An example of an activity could be whenever a Source resource becomes chargeable. In this case, we send the Event resource including the event type and the Source resource data. The webhook URL (which is an API endpoint) is the receiver of the call who will react based on the data passed to this URL.

This is just the start! As we grow with you, PayMongo will be introducing more webhooks that would help make accepting payments easier and more streamlined for developers.

1. Creating a Webhook for the event that you want to listen

Create a Webhook resource using curl command or any API tools like Postman. For testing purposes, you need to use your test API key whenever you create a webhook. Please visit this section for more information about testing webhooks.

For more information about a Webhook resource and for the events you could subscribe to, please see this section

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Creation of webhooks

Do not call a create webhook per resource that you want to receive. You can either create one webhook that will receive for example source.chargeable event or create only one webhook that accepts all possible events * but you have to make sure that you check the type of the event first before processing the data.

Do not call the create webhook endpoint as well from your code. Creating a webhook should only happen once to register a webhook during your testing or before going live.

2. Respond to the webhook event

The webhook URL you registered will receive the event data via POST HTTP method and in JSON format.


{
   "data":{
      "id":"evt_41waYXad8VuenT671SucbQJF",
      "type":"event",
      "attributes":{
         "type":"source.chargeable",
         "livemode":true,
         "data":{
            "id":"src_wZ8pJPV6tL4Dwfq8YgaXMKAR",
            "type":"source",
            "attributes":{
               "amount":10000,
               "billing":{
                  "address":{
                     "city":"Taguig",
                     "country":"PH",
                     "line1":"9th Avenue and 26th Street, Unit 3308",
                     "line2":"High Street South Corporate Plaza Tower 2",
                     "postal_code":"1634",
                     "state":"Metro Manila"
                  },
                  "email":"[email protected]",
                  "name":"Triz Leon",
                  "phone":"09168268582"
               },
               "currency":"PHP",
               "livemode":true,
               "redirect":{
                  "checkout_url":"https://someurl",
                  "failed":"https://links.staging.paymongo.dev/gcash/failed",
                  "success":"https://links.staging.paymongo.dev/gcash/success"
               },
               "status":"chargeable",
               "type":"grab_pay",
               "created_at":1582178677
            }
         },
         "previous_data":{
            
         },
         "pending_webhooks":0,
         "created_at":1582178707,
         "updated_at":1582178707
      }
   }
}

The JSON above is the example data that your webhook URL will receive. source.chargeable event is the example event in this scenario. You can also get the source details from this data.

Once you receive this, you can do things like creating a payment based on the data, verify if the data sent is acknowledged by your system or save it.

You need to respond with a 2xx response. If you do not respond with that HTTP code, we will try to resend the event. We will retry the call up to twelve times, with exponential backoff.

3. Securing a Webhook. Optional but highly recommended.

Exposing an API endpoint on your server may pose a security risk if unsecured. Websites other than PayMongo may try to access these endpoints to get information, modify your data or overload your servers. To prevent this, we add a Paymongo-Signature HTTP header to the data that we send to your webhook. This header can be used to verify that the request came from PayMongo. Below is a sample Paymongo-Signature header.

t=1496734173,te=1447a89e7ecebeda32sffs62cdca3fa51cad7e77a0e56ff536d0ce8e108d8bd,li=3f7bs59d200aae63f272406069a9788598b792a944a07aba816edb039989a39

The Paymongo-Signature is made of three parts separated by comma ,:

  1. t is the timestamp of the request.
  2. te is the test mode signature.
  3. li is the live mode signature.

li vs te

The next step is to generate a signature with the help of the webhook's secret key and compare this to the signature. You must compare the signature that you will generate against the li's value if the event is in live mode or te if in test mode.

  1. Split Paymongo-Signature into three parts: t, te and li. The signature uses , to separate the timestamp and the signatures for live and test modes.

  2. Concatenate the following to create your own signature:

a. The timestamp as a string, e.g. 1496734173
b. A . character
c. The JSON payload of the request you received. NOTE: You must get the raw payload of the request. Check your programming language or frameworks on how to get the raw payload of an API request.

  1. Run the concatenated values through HMAC with SHA256 hash function with the webhook’s secret key as the cryptographic key. The webhook’s signing secret key is returned in the HTTP response when the webhook was created.

  2. Compare your own signature against the signature from the li for live mode while te for test mode. If they do not match, discard the request. This means the sender is not PayMongo.

For additional security, you may also compare the timestamp from the header and the current timestamp. If the difference is too large, it may mean that the request is old and may have been reused. This is an optional step.

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Disabling webhooks

You cannot delete webhooks if you don't want to use them anymore but you can disable them to avoid receiving events for a certain webhook. You can check this section for more information.

To try webhooks in test mode, you may refer to this link


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